Today in Health & Wellness
HEALTH CONDITIONS
Varicose Veins
Overview
Symptoms
Risk Factors
Treatment and Management
Home Remedies
Doctors to Consult
Overview

A venous disease that is commonly caused by phlebitis (inflammation of the veins), thrombophlebitis (blood clots), or any obstructions to blood flow, and congenital abnormalities of the veins.

Varicose veins appear as twisted, bulged, large, palpable, dark blue veins primarily found in the legs and thighs. Varicose veins can lead to aching or even ulceration of the legs. This condition can be caused be weakened valves in the veins or weakened walls of the veins, or by inflammation in the veins.

Types:

  • Trunk varicose veins are thick, palpable, and bumpy veins near to the surface of the skin. They are usually visible, often quite long and can look unpleasant.
  • Spider veins aka telangiectasia varicose veins or thread veins, are small clusters of blue or red veins that sometimes appear on your face or legs. They are harmless and, unlike trunk varicose veins, do not bulge underneath the surface of the skin. They are sometimes termed as reticular varicose veins for they are closely grouped and form a network.
Symptoms
  • Common: leg aching, cramping, itching, swelling and fatigue.
  • Less common but more severe: bleeding, thrombophlebitis, skin ulceration and a weeping oozing dermatitis.
Risk Factors
  • Obesity and overweight
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Pregnancy
  • Standing for long periods of time
  • Aging
  • Heredity
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
  • Sclerotherapy. A medical procedure used to eliminate varicose veins and spider veins; involves an injection of a solution directly into the vein. The solution irritates the lining of the blood vessel, causing it to swell and stick together, and the blood to clot.
  • Laser treatment. Laser treatments such as simple and endovenous are non-invasive treatments that may be used in eliminating varicose veins. Simple laser treatment may be employed for spider veins or tiny varicose veins while endovenous laser treatment is employed for the large varicose veins.
  • Radiofrequency ablation. This technique uses radiofrequency energy to heat up and damage the wall inside a vein. This usually closes off a varicose vein in the leg.
  • Phlebectomy, microphlebectomy, ambulatory phlebectomy, or stab avulsion. An invasive technique for the removal of varicose veins. In this procedure, several incisions are made in the skin through which the varicose vein is removed.
  • Vein ligation and stripping. A minor surgery used to remove a damaged vein and prevent complications. If several valves in a vein and the vein itself are heavily damaged, the vein is stripped. An incision is made below the vein, a flexible instrument is threaded up the vein to the first incision, and the vein is grasped and removed.
Home Remedies
  • Wear compression stockings
  • Prop up or elevate your legs
  • Avoid long periods of sitting or standing
  • Exercise
Doctors to Consult
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