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Today in Health & Wellness
HEALTH CONDITIONS

Scars

Overview
Symptoms
Treatment and Management
Home Remedies
Doctors to Consult
Overview

Common name: Cicatrix, keloid scar, Peklat (Fil)

Scars are marks of healing from an injured, lacerated, scraped, incised, burned, or swollen tissue. Scars may arise from accidents, skin infections, surgery, and conditions such as acne and chicken pox. Superficial scars fade away over time while deep scars remains permanent but there are procedures that can reduce its size and change its appearance.

Symptoms

Types of scars:

  • Normal or superficial scar. Marks of healing from an injured tissue which fades and flattens between 12 to 18 months.
  • Keloid scars. Raised scars with nodular lesions common in younger and dark-skinned people. These scars are the result of an overly aggressive healing process. They extend beyond the original injury.
  • Hypertrophic scars. These are raised, red scars that are similar to keloids but do not go beyond the boundary of the injury. These scars are sometimes painful and itchy.
  • Atrophic scars. Small, round, depression that may result from a disrupted healing process or from a medical condition like chicken pox or acne.
Risk Factors
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management

Normal scars:

  • Application of creams, ointments or gels that contain allantoin and cepae extract may help eliminate the marks of injury.
  • Concealers and other cosmetics may also help conceal the appearance of scars

Keloid scars:

  • Surgery
  • steroid injections (i.e. triamcinolone, acetonide), or silicone sheets
  • cryotherapy (freezing therapy using liquid nitrogen)
  • pressure treatment or gel pads with silicone

Hypertrophic scars:

  • steroid injections (i.e. triamcinolone, acetonide), or silicone sheets

Atrophic scars:

  • Dermabrasion / microdermabrasion
  • Chemical peeling
  • Laser therapy
Home Remedies
  • Over-the-counter or prescription creams, ointments, or gels that contain allantoin and cepae extract may help lighten scars.
  • Massage can help soften scars
  • Don't prick and pinch any healing wound, as this will increase scarring
  • Always wear safety gears (e.g. helmet, knee and elbow pads) when playing rough games to avoid injury and the possible occurrence of scars
Doctors to Consult
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