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Today in Health & Wellness

STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease)

Treatment and Management
Doctors to Consult

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are spread from person to person through sexual contact, including oral and anal intercourse.

Factors that can increase one's chances of getting STDs

  • Multiple sex partners
  • Transfer of infected sexual fluids through sexual contact
  • Sharing of contaminated syringes and needles
  • Infected women can transfer the infection during pregnancy
  • AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is a serious condition that weakens the body's immune system, leaving it unable to fight off illness. It is the last stage in the progression of the disease resulting from a viral infection known as the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV or AIDS virus).

AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is a serious condition that weakens the body's immune system, leaving it unable to fight off illness. It is the last stage in the progression of the disease resulting from a viral infection known as the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV or AIDS virus).

At present, there is no cure for HIV infection or AIDS, nor is there a vaccine to prevent HIV infection. However several drugs that can slow down the progression of the disease are being studied.

  • GONORRHEA is caused by Neisseria gonorrhea. These bacteria can infect the genital tracts, mouths, and rectums of both men and women. In untreated gonorrhea infections, the bacteria can spread up into the reproductive tract, or more rarely, can spread into the blood stream and infect the joints, heart valves, or the brain.

The most common complication of untreated gonorrhea is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), a serious infection of the female reproductive tract. PID causes scar tissue to form in the fallopian tubes. If the tube is partially scarred, the fertilized egg may not be able to pass into the uterus. If this happens, the embryo may implant in the tube causing an ectopic pregnancy. This serious complication may result in a miscarriage and can cause death of the mother.

If a pregnant woman has gonorrhea, she may pass the infection to her baby as the baby passes through the birth canal during delivery. This can cause blindness, joint infection, or a life-threatening blood infection in the baby.

  • GENITAL WARTS is a sexually transmitted disease caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). More than 30 of these viruses can infect the genital area of men and women including the skin of the penis, vulva, or anus, and the linings of the vagina, cervix, or rectum.
  • PUBIC LICE is often called "crabs" because of their crab-like appearance under a microscope . Lice are six-legged creatures that infest the hair in the pubic area. Pubic lice can be easily passed on through sexual contact, or through close physical contact. Symptoms are noticed about five days to several weeks after infection. They include: Itchy skin or inflammation of the affected area, Black powder (lice droppings) in underwear, Brown eggs on pubic hair and Spots of blood are sometimes seen as lice feed from blood vessels close to the surface of the skin.
  • SYPHILIS is caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. Transmission of the organism occurs during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Pregnant women can pass it to the babies they are carrying.
Risk Factors
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management

Tips on preventing STDs

  • Good personal hygiene is always recommended
  • To avoid transmission of Sexually transmitted diseases, abstain from sexual intercourse or be in a monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and is known to be uninfected
  • Practice safe sex.
  • Avoid sharing toothbrushes, razors or other objects that could become contaminated with the blood of anyone who is or might be infected with the STDs.
  • Exercise extra precaution on procedures such as acupuncture, tattooing, ear piercing, etc., in which needles or other non sterile instruments may be used repeatedly to pierce the skin or mucous membranes
  • Testing and treatment early in pregnancy is the best way to prevent syphilis in infants and should be a routine part of prenatal care.
Home Remedies
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