Hi there! Just a quick question...
Hi there! Just a quick question...
x
Thank you for your response
Today in Health & Wellness
HEALTH CONDITIONS
Pre-Menstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Overview
Symptoms
Risk Factors
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
Doctors to Consult
Overview

Other name: Pre-menstrual tension (PMT)

Premenstrual syndrome is a combination of physical, psychological and behavioral symptoms caused by several factors including changes in hormone levels and brain chemicals. In most women, it occurs 1 to 2 weeks before the period and usually ends when the period begins.

 

Symptoms
  • Prominent symptoms: irritability, tension, dysphoria (emotional discomfort)
  • Physical symptoms: bloating, abdominal cramps, constipation, breast tenderness (mastalgia), cyclic acne, muscle pain, headache
  • Psychological / emotional symptoms: stress, anxiety, insomnia, mood swings, increased emotional sensitivity, changes in libido
Risk Factors
  • High caffeine consumption
  • Stress
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Diet
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
  • Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as fluoxetine and sertraline (to treat the more serious symptoms)
  • NSAIDS to relieve muscle and joint pain
Treatment and Management
  • Supportive therapy (patient counseling)
  • Adopt a healthy lifestyle. Reduction of caffeine, sugar, and sodium intake and increase of fiber, and adequate rest and sleep
  • Food supplementation, dietary intervention, and exercise
  • Hormonal (gonadotropin, progesterone) intervention
Home Remedies
Doctors to Consult
Suggested Readings
Cough Causes
A cough isn’t a disease in itself. It is a...read more
Love Your Heart
The human heart is intrinsically associated with love....read more
Debunking the Stigma
Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV....read more
Fuel Up
When Jason became the corporate communications head of a reputable...read more
Other Health Conditions
Acne is a skin condition where oil, dead skin cells,... read more