Bato sa bato (Fil.)
Kidney stones are solid masses that crystallize from the accumulation of substances in the kidneys. Kidney stones are formed in the kidney but stones can actually be found in any part of the urinary tract. The stones or renal calculi are either made out of calcium oxalate, phosphate or maleate though some stones may contain uric acid, struvite and cystine. Small stones usually do not present any symptoms but large stones cause pain in the region between the hips and ribs.
Anyone may develop kidney stones but it is more likely to occur in men than in women and adults aged 20 to 40 years old.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Alpha-adrenergic blockers like stamsulosin and calcium channel blockers may help stones to pass
NSAIDS or opioids for the pain
Potassium citrate to make urine alkaline and dissolve uric acid stones
Thiazide diuretics decrease calcium concentration in people with calcium stones and reduce possibility of formation of new stones