Today in Health & Wellness
HEALTH CONDITIONS
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Overview
Symptoms
Risk Factors
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
Home Remedies
Doctors to Consult
Overview

Also known as ARMD or AMD, it is an eye condition where a gradual loss of central vision occurs. ARMD can either be wet or dry. Dry macular degeneration is caused by the aging and thinning of the tissues of the macula, or depositing of pigments in the macula. Wet macular degeneration occurs when blood and fluid from blood vessels that grow beneath the retina leak and damage the retinal cells, thus resulting to blind spots in central vision.

Causes

Exact cause of macular degeneration is unknown but it develops with age

Symptoms
  • Blurriness or distortion in central vision
  • Blind spots in vision
  • Difficulty in adapting in places with low light
  • Difficulty in reading
  • Face recognition challenges
Risk Factors
  • Age, common in people >50 years old
  • Obesity
  • Physical inactivity
  • High blood pressure
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Toxic drug side effects
  • Race - Caucasians are more susceptible
  • Family history
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
  • Vitamins and minerals: Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Vitamin A, Zinc as zinc oxide, Copper as cupric oxide
  • Anti-VGEFs (Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor) medications
Treatment and Management
  • Photodynamic Therapy or PDT
  • Laser photocoagulation
Home Remedies

Lifestyle Modifications

  • A healthy diet including more fruits and vegetables, fish, whole grains and healthy fats
  • Do not smoke
  • Manage hypertension
  • Exercise regularly
Doctors to Consult
Suggested Readings
Granny, your OA!
Okay, grammar police out there, don’t arrest me! I’ll explain...read more
Sugar Crisis at its Worst
Chrysalis Bautista, an eighteen year old diabetic, forgets to bring...read more
Cut Down on Sweats
Although many patients and doctors alike are cautious about this...read more
A Whiff of Fresh Air
Fitness instructors help people exercise correctly....read more
Other Health Conditions
This is a condition that involves a decrease in the... read more
Eye care is important even though a person does not... read more
The human eye is the organ that gives us the... read more
Cataract is a clouding of the lens of the eye... read more
Aging is associated with a decline in various memory abilities... read more
Alzheimer's disease, named after German physician, Alois Alzheimer, is a... read more
Copyright © 2019 Medicomm Pacific Inc.
All Rights Reserved.
Follow us:    Facebook    Twitter