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Today in Health & Wellness
HEALTH CONDITIONS

Mumps

Overview
Symptoms
Risk Factors
Treatment and Management
Doctors to Consult
Overview

Mumps is a contagious viral infection that can cause painful swelling of the parotid glands (glands located between the ears and the jaws). It is spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes, as well as through contact with contaminated items such as tissues, drinking glasses, and dirty hands.

Usually, infected people are contagious a day or two before the first symptoms appear, although they can spread the virus any time from 7 days before to 9 days after symptoms appear.

Symptoms
  • Facial pain
  • Swelling of the parotid glands
  • Fever and headache
  • Sore throat
  • Reduced appetite
  • Swelling of the temples or jaw
  • Additional symptoms in males that may be associated with this disease: Testicle pain, Testicle lump, Scrotal swelling
Risk Factors
  • Incomplete immunization
  • Exposure to those with mumps
  • Age: The highest risk of contracting mumps is to children between 2-12 years of age
  • Season: epidemics of mumps were most likely during the summer
  • Travel to high-risk regions of the world: Africa, general Indian subcontinent region, and Southeast Asia. These areas have a very low rate of vaccination.
  • Weakening immune system: either due to diseases like HIV/AIDS, cancer or medication such as oral steroid use for more than two weeks and chemotherapy.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
  • Apply hot or cold compresses to swollen areas
  • Gargle with warm salt water to soothe sore throat
  • Drink plenty of liquids, but avoid acidic drinks, such as orange juice and lemonade as they can increase the release of enzymes from the parotid glands.
  • Eat a soft, bland diet.
  • Mumps can be prevented by vaccine. The vaccine is usually given as part of the mumps-measles-rubella (MMR) vaccine series. The MMR series is given to children beginning at 12-15 months, and again at 4-6 years old or 11-12 years old.
Home Remedies
Suggested Readings
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