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Today in Health & Wellness
HEALTH CONDITIONS

Liver Disease

Overview
Symptoms
Treatment and Management
Doctors to Consult
Overview

Liver disease or disorders can result from a wide variety of causes, including infections, drugs, toxins, ischemia and autoimmune disorders. Most liver disorders produce degree of hepatocellular injury and necrosis, resulting in various abnormal laboratory test results and sometimes, symptoms.

Classes and symptoms of Liver Disease:

  • Acute Viral Hepatitis is due to specific viruses that have diverse modes of transmission and epidemiologies. This is characterized by: Alterations in olfaction and taste; anorexia; arthralgias; coryza; cough; fatigue; low grade fever; headache; malaise; myalgias; nausea and vomiting; liver becomes enlarged and tender; right upper quadrant pain and discomfort; splenomegaly; cervical adenopathy. The following are types of acute viral hepatitis:
    • Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) spreads primarily by fecal-oral contact and thus may occur in areas of poor hygiene
    • Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) are often transmitted parenterally, typically through contaminated blood or blood products
    • Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) are commonly transmitted through blood, primarily when parenteral drug users share needles, also through tattoos or body piercing
  • Alcoholic Hepatitis occurs with alcohol consumption which exceeds 80 g/day. It is characterized by fatigue, fever, jaundice, right upper quadrant pain, tender abdomen due to enlarged liver and sometimes a hepatic bruit.
  • Drug Induced Liver Damage is characterized by Jaundice (a yellowish pigmentation of the skin and the conjunctival membranes)
  • Fatty Liver (steatosis) - excessive accumulation of lipid hepatocytes. It is characterized by fatigue, malaise or right upper quadrant abdominal discomfort.
  • Liver Cirrhosis is characterized by weakness, anorexia, malaise, and weight loss, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, enlargement of the liver, jaundice, itching, ascites, vomiting of blood, increased sensitivity to drugs and encephalopathy (impending coma).
Symptoms
  • Heavy use of alcohol
  • Extreme weight gain
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Poor diet
  • Intestinal bypass surgery for obesity
  • Use of certain drugs such as corticosteroids, paracetamol, isoniazid, nitrofurantoin and methyldopa rarely sulfonamide and propylthiouracil
  • Viral liver infection including pathogens such as Hepatitis viruses, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Rubella virus
  • Metabolic disorders such as Wilson disease and alpha1-Antitrypsin deficiency
Risk Factors
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
  • Practice proper personal hygiene.
  • Wash hands thoroughly after using the bathroom.
  • Maintain a well-balanced diet
  • Take vitamins and natural supplements to help strengthen the liver.
  • Abstain or limit alcohol intake as much as possible
  • Maintain ideal body weight to reduce risk of developing liver disease
  • Administration of vaccines for hepatitis will be helpful
Home Remedies
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