Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is the extensive infection of the pelvic or female reproductive organs especially the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. The disease can be caused by several strains of bacteria. Sexually transmitted infections (STI) such as gonorrhea and chlamydia are the most common causes of PID. Also, the barrier on the cervix can be disturbed after childbirth, miscarriage or abortion allowing bacteria to enter the reproductive tract.
Diagnosis of PID is based on signs and symptoms, results of the pelvic exam, analysis of the vaginal discharge and cervical cultures, and urine tests. The pelvic region is examined for symptoms of PID. Secretions from the vagina and cervix are used to determine the organism that caused the infection.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
- Antibiotics are immediately given upon diagnosis of PID. The choice of antibiotic/s depend/s on the causative organism of the PID. This can prevent the occurrence of complications but any damage on the reproductive organs are not reversible. The commonly prescribed antibiotics for PID include ofloxacin, levofloxacin, metronidazole, ceftriaxone, and doxycycline. Patients who received antibiotics should be reevaluated within 72 hours of treatment initiation.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are given to relieve pain and discomfort felt while the infection is still not treated.