Muscle spasms are the involuntary contraction or tensing of a muscle that cause intense pain for the patient. The pain can be sudden but short-lived. Different parts of the body can experience spasm but it is most common on the skeletal muscles which are responsible for voluntary movements like lifting, walking, and running. The usual causes of spasms are overuse of the muscle, muscle fatigue, muscle injuries, dehydration, and imbalances in electrolyte levels. It can also occur in muscles that are overstretched or held in the same position for prolonged periods. Spasms can cause limitation in motion due to the pain.
Self-diagnosis of muscle spasms are common especially if it occurs in patients who overuse their muscles. Muscle spasms that are recurrent or does not resolve spontaneously should be consulted with a doctor. The doctor will determine the events that trigger the muscle spasm, its duration, the type of contraction and pain felt during a spasm as well as the patient’s medical history.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
- Pain relievers such as ibuprofen can be given for short-term pain relief due to the spasm.