Colic is a condition of severe spasmodic pain of the abdomen. It can occur when there is distention, obstruction, or inflammation of the stomach.
There are various causes of colic especially in adults. The most common cause is indigestion after consuming certain foods like fatty or spicy foods. Other causes include gas or wind in the stomach, constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, allergy to milk or soy, and stomach or duodenal ulcers. Infants can also experience colic due to the same causes.
Colic does not usually require consultation with a doctor. For colicky pain that worsens or cannot be managed, a doctor starts the diagnosis by determining the possible cause of the pain or discomfort. The doctor can consider the patient’s medical history and dietary habits. Further exams can be done to eliminate other causes of the spasmodic pain.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
- Lactase supplements can be given to patients who are lactose intolerant. These help the body digest lactose to reduce symptoms of colic.
- Simethicone is used to eliminate wind and manage discomfort due to the trapped air. It is an anti-flatulent that breaks down smaller bubbles of trapped air in the stomach into larger bubbles that can be easily passed as wind or burp. It is usually combined with other drugs used to manage disorders of the stomach. Use this in infants after consultation with a doctor.