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Today in Health & Wellness
HEALTH CONDITIONS

Ebola

Overview
Symptoms
Treatment and Management
Doctors to Consult
Overview

Common Name/Other Name:

EBOV; Ebola hemorrhagic fever

Ebola is an acute and serious disease caused by Ebola virus. It may become fatal if left untreated. It is transmitted via body fluids, blood, stool and vomit through direct contact if infected fluids get into your mouth, nose, eyes, genitals, or an open cut or wound. The virus can also be carried by tears, sweat, urine, and breast milk or items with fluids on them like sheets or needles. Ebola is only contagious after the infected person begins exhibiting symptoms. It is not airborne and is not carried by mosquitoes. It is also not spread by food or water unless you share it with the infected persons' since their saliva might transfer to your mouth.

Ebola has no medicine of vaccine to treat or prevent it yet. Instead, the treatment plan is geared towards treating the person's symptoms. The sooner they get medical care, the better their chances are of recovery.

Symptoms
  • High fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Stomach pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Red, itchy eyes
  • Sore throat
As it gets worse, patient may show the following symptoms:
  • Nosebleeds
  • Vomiting
  • Rash
  • Spitting blood from the lungs
  • Bloody eyes
  • Chest pain
Risk Factors
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
  • Keep the person hydrated through intravenous (IV) administration.
  • Monitor frequently and maintain blood pressure.
  • Treat other infections and symptoms they may have.
  • Avoid direct contact with infected people, their body fluids and the bodies of anyone who has died from Ebola.
  • Wear protective clothing such as gloves when taking care of ill patients at home.
  • Avoid contact with wild animals, like bats and monkeys, and their meat which may carry the virus.
  • Practice regular hand washing.
Home Remedies
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