Common Name/Other Name:
English measles; Rubeola; Morbilli (Eng.); Tigdas (Tag.)
Measles is a highly contagious and serious disease caused by a paramyxovirus occurring primarily in children. It is an airborne disease which spreads through respiration or contact with fluids from the infected person. The virus infects the mucous membranes then spreads throughout the body. Patients are considered to be contagious from 4 days before to 4 days after the rash appears.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
There is no specific antiviral treatment for measles. However, some medications can be taken to protect patients who have been exposed to the virus.
- Post-exposure vaccination. Non-immunized infected individuals may be given measles vaccination within 72 hours of exposure to the measles virus to have protection against the disease. There will be milder symptoms if the measles still develops.
- Immune serum globulin is injected to pregnant women, newborns or persons with weak immune system who are exposed to the virus. These antibodies can prevent measles or lessen the severity of symptoms when given within six days upon exposure to the virus.
- Paracetamol or Ibuprofen. It is prescribed to reduce fever, aches and pain.
- Local skin moisturizers are prescribed in case of itchiness.
- Vitamin A supplements restore low levels of vitamin A during measles and can help prevent eye damage and blindness
- Antibiotics should be prescribed to treat eye and ear infections, and pneumonia arising from complication of measles.