Dysmenorrhea is a menstrual condition characterized by severe and frequent menstrual cramps and pain associated with menstruation. It is highly regarded as a reason for interference in work and social activity among the female population. Dysmenorrhea may be classified as primary or secondary.
- Primary dysmenorrhea - from the beginning and usually lifelong; severe and frequent menstrual cramping caused by severe and abnormal uterine contractions. Risk factors include obesity, nulliparity, smoking, family history.
- Secondary dysmenorrhea - due to some physical cause and usually of later onset; painful menstrual periods caused by another medical condition present in the body (i.e., pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, sexually transmitted diseases etc).
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