Dysentery is an infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the intestines, mainly the colon that can lead to severe diarrhea with visible blood or mucus in the stool. There are two major classifications of dysentery: bacillary and amoebic, caused respectively by bacteria and by amoebas. It is transmitted through the ingestion of food or water that has been contaminated by feces of an infected person or animal.
Watery loose stools which contain blood, mucus or pus
Painful bowel movements
Feeling of incomplete emptying
Nausea and vomiting
Poor hygiene and sanitation
Direct contact with an infected person or animal
Eating undercooked food
Consumption of untreated water
Use of public swimming pools
Travel to countries where infection is common
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Antibiotics effective in the treatment of bacillary dysentery are ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.
The most common treatment for amoebic dysentery is metronidazole together with diloxanide furoate or idoquinol.
Oral electrolytes or hydrating solutions to replenish lost fluids and electrolytes during diarrhea.
Treatment and Management
Practice proper sanitation and good hygiene. Always wash hands with soap and water after using the toilet and before handling, eating or cooking food.
Only consume food from reliable sources.
Cook food thoroughly.
Drink only purified water.
Apply hot compress for abdominal cramps to ease pain.
Complete bed rest is helpful as movements can aggravate the condition.
Drink plenty of water and take oral rehydrating solution to replenish lost fluids and electrolytes during diarrhea.
Consume probiotic-filled food such as yogurt to improve colon health.
Avoid alcoholic beverages, carbonated and caffeinated drinks as these may worsen the symptoms of diarrhea.
Avoid eating dairy products, spicy, greasy and fried foods to prevent bowel irritation.