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Today in Health & Wellness
HEALTH CONDITIONS

Diarrhea

Overview
Symptoms
Risk Factors
Home Remedies
Doctors to Consult
Overview
Diarrhea is the frequent passage of loose, watery stools. It develops due to increased intestinal motility, inflammation and ulceration of intestinal mucosa, intestinal ion secretion and increase osmolality. These physiologic mechanisms are the basis of the anti-diarrheal drugs.
Symptoms
  • Loose, watery stools
  • Blood, mucus or pus in the stool
  • Mild fever, headache
  • Abdominal cramps and distention
  • Fatigue, muscle ache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
Risk Factors
  • Bacterial, viral, parasitic infections
  • Food or lactose intolerance
  • Reaction to medicines such as antibiotics, and antacids containing magnesium
  • Intestinal diseases like inflammatory bowel disease or celiac disease
  • Functional bowel disorders (irritable bowel syndrome)
  • Emotional upsets
  • Food poisoning or allergy
  • Malabsorption syndromes
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
Home Remedies

Diarrhea Prevention

  • Drink clean or purified water.
  • Maintain proper hand-washing habits and use proper food-handling techniques.
  • Avoid contaminated food, utensils, or other objects. Food should be cooked properly.
  • Refrain from unnecessary use of antimicrobial drugs. It destroys the normal flora of the gastro-intestinal thus removing its natural protection against simple infection.
  • Take proper amount of vitamins (e.g., vitamin A) and minerals such as zinc. Babies should be breastfed to strengthen their immunity. Breast milk contains colostrums and it does not contain allergic substances harmful to babies.
  • Avoid eating in places with questionable sanitation.
  • Throw away bulging lids, and leaking canned goods.
  • Handle food properly.
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