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Today in Health & Wellness
HEALTH CONDITIONS

Cuts and Abrasions

Overview
Symptoms
Risk Factors
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
Home Remedies
Doctors to Consult
Overview

Common Name/Other Name

Skin wound, Grazes and scrapes, Sugat [Fil.]

Abrasion is an open wound caused by superficial damage to the epidermis (topmost layer of the skin). The different degrees of skin abrasion are:

  • First degree abrasion -epidermal injury only
  • Second degree abrasion - affects the epidermis and dermis and may lead to bleeding
  • Third degree abrasion - damage to the subcutaneous layer of the skin and underlying tissues.
Symptoms
  • Bleeding or discharge of pus from the cut or wound
  • Pain
  • Redness, swelling or warmth in the injured area
  • Mild to moderate fever
Risk Factors
  • Falling on a rough surface
  • Cut from a sharp object
  • Children who often play outdoors
  • Delicate skin due to certain illnesses or medications
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
  • Topical antibiotics (polymycin B sulfate, bacitracin, neomycin sulfate) prevent infections and moistens wound. Side effects: Skin irritation, burning sensation, skin allergies.

  • Topical antiseptics (povidone iodine) are used to prevent wound infections. Precaution: Iodine allergy, thyroid problems

  • Topical analgesics (lidocaine, benzocaine) for severe and painful abrasions. Side effects: Redness, itching, and swelling at the application site, allergic reactions. Precaution: Should not be applied to injured or inflamed skin or wound. Patients with severe cardiac, renal and/or hepatic impairment. Avoid contact with eyes.
Treatment and Management
  • Clean wound with water and antibacterial soap and pat dry using a clean cloth; avoid scraping the wound itself while drying. Cover the wound with bandage.

  • Isopropyl alcohol can also be used to clean wounds; however it may cause intense pain or stinging.
Home Remedies
  • Aloe vera has cooling and healing properties that soothe skin wounds. Apply the aloe vera gel to the infected wound.
  • Apply petroleum jelly after cleaning the wound to soothe and moisten dry skin.
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