Pimples, zits (Eng.); taghiyawat (Fil.), punggod (Ilonggo); bugas (Ceb.); camuro (Ilocano)
Acne or Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disorder of the sebaceous gland of the skin resulting in pimples, boils and occasionally scarring.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Topical medications. These lotions, creams, and gels are applied to the surface of the skin.
- Benzoyl peroxide kills the bacteria that cause acne. Doctors often use benzoyl peroxide along with topical antibiotics to reduce the likelihood of antibiotic resistance.
- Retinoids chemically similar to vitamin A. Break up the mixture of oil and dead cells that blocks the follicle and causes the lesion. Side Effects: Increased sun sensitivity Drug Interaction: Avoid antacid, dairy products and iron preparation while taking tetracyclines.
- Milk Acid Solutions from fruits including salicylic acid and glycolic acid, effective on acne. These solutions encourage the peeling of the top layer of the skin and the opening of blocked follicles which help re-establish the normal skin-cell replacement cycle.
Can be useful when acne affects the skin on multiple areas of the body. They help control acne by reducing inflammation. Tetracycline and Erythromycin are the most frequently prescribed oral antibiotics.
Involves the use of medication that restores the normal balance of hormones in both men and women (such as ethinylestradiol, cyproterone acetate).
Tetracycline should not be given to children < 8 yrs, pregnant and breastfeeding.
Erythromycin should not be given to patients taking anti-coagulant or theophyllines.
Tretinoin and isotretinoin should not be given to pregnant women. Birth defects in the developing fetus may occur.
Hormone therapy: should not be given to women who smoke, blood-clotting disorders, >35 years old and have a history of migraine headaches.