Hi there! Just a quick question...
Hi there! Just a quick question...
Thank you for your response
Today in Health & Wellness


Risk Factors
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
Doctors to Consult

Common name

Gastric reflux disease, acid reflux disease (Eng.)

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic digestive disease that occurs when stomach acid or, occasionally, bile flows back into the esophagus from the stomach.

  • A heartburn or pain that usually felt in the stomach and moves up towards the chest
  • Pain that worsens when bending over or lying flat on the back
  • Regurgitation or a feeling of acid or food moving back up into the esophagus and throat
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Dyspepsia or stomach discomfort, which is characterized by burping, a bloated feeling, nausea after eating and sometimes, abdominal pain
  • Voice hoarseness occurs once the acid goes past the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and reaches the vocal cords
  • Persistent, unexplained cough and asthma
Risk Factors
  • Smoking. It increases acid and gas in the stomach that may lead to frequent opening of the sphincter.
  • Obesity. As a person's weight increases, the waist line or waist circumference increases as well. This increases the pressure within the stomach. It can force the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) to open, leading to the reflux of gastric contents.
  • Pregnancy. There is an increase in abdominal pressure in pregnant women.
  • Oral medications such as steroids and anti-asthmatics may increase the risk of acid secretion
  • Diabetes. It directly affects the nerves of the stomach which leads to delayed emptying of the stomach and an increase in acid secretion.
  • Hiatal hernia. A condition wherein part of the stomach pushes upward through the diaphragm which allows contents of the stomach to move freely into the esophagus.
  • Hypercalcemia. This condition leads to an increase in production of gastrin, a hormone that leads to increased acid secretion.
  • Scleroderma. A connective tissue disorder that also leads to difficulty in swallowing.
  • Foods that may trigger heartburn such as acidic or citrus foods, caffeinated drinks and alcohol, spicy and fatty food, chocolates, tomatoes, garlic, and onions.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
  • Antacids helps neutralize stomach acid. Drugs: sodium carbonate, calcium carbonate, aluminum-based antacids, aluminum-magnesium antacids.
  • H2 blockers decrease the amount of acid released in the stomach. Drugs: ranitidine, famotidine, cimetidine
  • Proton pump inhibitors are known for their potent and persistent or long-lasting effect in decreasing gastric acid secretion. Drugs: pantoprazole, omeprazole, rabeprazole, dexlansoprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole.
Treatment and Management
  • Smoking cessation and avoidance of alcohol beverages
  • Lose weight
  • Exercise. Moderate exercise improves symptom, drink plenty of water before and during exercise.
  • Water may help reduce heartburn by neutralizing gastric acid
  • Wear loose-fitting clothes
  • Lessen intake of food that is known to trigger heartburn
  • Eat meals 2 to 3 hours prior to bedtime or before lying down
  • Eat small, frequent meals
  • Eat slowly and chew food well
Home Remedies
Suggested Readings
Love Your Heart
The human heart is intrinsically associated with love....read more
Choking SOPs
What should you do with a child who is choking?...read more
The Generation Y
By definition, millennial refers to individuals born between 1981 and...read more
Mastering the Game
The kilometer-long lines snaking beyond the nearest corner of the...read more
Other Health Conditions
Hyperacidity or acid dyspepsia simply means increase of acidity in... read more
Acute gastroenteritis is caused by the inflammation of the linings... read more
Heartburn is a burning sensation in the chest, behind the... read more
Hyperacidity or acid dyspepsia simply means the increase of acidity... read more
Gastritis is a condition in which the stomach lining is... read more
Group of ulcerative disorders of the upper gastrointestinal tract that... read more
Copyright © 2019 Medicomm Pacific Inc.
All Rights Reserved.
Follow us:    Facebook    Twitter