Hyperacidity or acid dyspepsia simply means the increase of acidity in the stomach. The human stomach secretes the hydrochloric acid which is necessary for the digestion of food. When the stomach contains an excessive amount of hydrochloric acid, then it will lead to hyperacidity or acid dyspepsia.
Sometimes, hyperacidity is confused for a simple bellyache. This is because people with hyperacidity usually generally get pains in their stomachs with similar symptoms as bellyaches. This confusion is more rampant in children who cannot differentiate between different kinds of stomach ailments.
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
- H2 Receptor antagonists (H2RAs) work by reducing stomach acid. Side effects: Nausea, rash or itching, headache
- Prokinetics are given for slow metabolism. They enhance the muscle action or motility of the digestive tract. Side effects: spasms, fatigue, anxiety/depression
- Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) are stronger than H2RAs. They work by reducing the acid in the stomach. PPIs are prescribed if the indigestion is accompanied by heartburn. Side effects: Nausea, cough, headache, backache
- Antibiotics are prescribed if the cause is due to H. pylori.