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Today in Health & Wellness
HEALTH CONDITIONS

Flu

Overview
Symptoms
Risk Factors
Treatment and Management
Doctors to Consult
Overview

Influenza commonly called "the flu" is an infection of the respiratory tract caused by the influenza virus. Influenza is spread from person to person through mists or sprays of infectious respiratory secretions caused by coughing and sneezing.

There are three types of influenza viruses, it includes: Influenza A, B, and C. Influenza A infect humans and other animals while influenza B and C infect human only. Influenza C virus causes a very mild illness and does not cause epidemics. Influenza affects all age groups and causes moderate to severe illness and complications such as pneumonia.

Complications of Influenza:

  • Blood disorders
  • Cancer
  • Chronic lung disease
  • Heart disease
  • Infants and elderly
  • Heart disease
  • Pregnancy in the third trimester
  • Suppression of the immune system
Symptoms
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle or Joint Pains
  • Lack of appetite
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Sweating
  • Cough
  • Chest pain
Risk Factors

Medical conditions that increase the risks of complications arising from influenza are the following:

  • Blood disorders
  • Cancer
  • Chronic lung disease
  • Heart disease
  • Infants and elderly
  • Heart disease
  • Pregnancy in the third trimester
  • Suppression of the immune system
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
  • Cover the nose and mouth with a tissue when coughing or sneezing.
  • Wash hands often with soap and water. Try not to touch unnecessary objects when in public places.
  • Avoid close contact and prolonged exposure to people with colds.
  • Drink lots of fluids. The inner, mucous lining of the respiratory tract is the body's first line of defense against cold and flu viruses and these membranes must be protected.
  • Prevent the air from drying out by using humidifiers. Be careful when using heaters for prolonged areas in a closed environment. Heaters cause dry air which compromises the body's defense mechanism.
  • Quit smoking. Smokers are more susceptible to colds and other respiratory illnesses.
Home Remedies
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