According to necessity, there are two types of vaccines, core and non-core. Core vaccines are those that are considered important for all dogs or cats to receive irregardless of lifestyle. Non-core vaccines are those that are given based on an animal’s individual needs and potential exposure because of geographical location or lifestyle.
● Rabies (core vaccine). This vaccine is deemed the most important because of the potential of rabies virus to infect and cause death in humans. For cats, the vaccination schedule is the same as that of dogs.
● Feline Panleukopenia Virus (FPV) (core vaccine). This disease is characterized by a marked decrease in the white blood cells of an infected cat. Because of this, an FPV-positive cat will be incapable of mounting an effective immune response if it was exposed to sources of disease. This disease spreads via direct contact. Other symptoms include bloody diarrhea, dehydration, and anemia. Once infected, mortality rate in untreated cats is 85-100 percent.
● Feline Herpesvirus (FHV) (core vaccine). A.k.a. “feline rhinotracheitis,” it affects the respiratory tract, causing sneezing and pneumonia. Other symptoms are discharges from the nose and eyes, conjunctivitis, sores in the mouth and tongue, fever, and loss of appetite. This disease spreads via direct contact.
● Feline Calicivirus (FCV) (core vaccine). The symptoms of FCV are similar to FHV. Sometimes both viruses are present in the cat showing these symptoms. An additional sign of this disease is polyarthritis (simultaneous inflammation of multiple joints).
● Chlamydiosis (non-core vaccine). This is a bacterial disease that usually causes coughing, conjunctivitis, breathing problems, discharge from the eyes and nose, and sneezing. Chlamydiosis is acquired via direct contact with an infected cat.
● Ringworm (non-core vaccine). This skin condition is caused by the fungal microorganism Microsporum canis. It can also be passed on to humans.