Today in Health & Wellness
Risk Factors
Treatment and Management
Home Remedies
Doctors to Consult

Common name

Paso (Fil.); nasinit (Ilocano)

Burns are tissue injuries caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, or irradiation. The extent of injury (depth of burn) reflects the intensity of heat and the duration of exposure


First-Degree Burn (superficial layers of the skin)

  • Tingling and hypersensitivity to the skin
  • Affected area is dry with little or no swelling
  • Wound may appear red turning to white when pressed
  • Complete resolution

Second-Degree Burn (varying degrees of skin, with blister formation)

  • Redness, swelling and blistering on the affected area
  • The wound may have a weeping surface
  • Healing in 10 to 14 days (deep second-degree burns will probably require skin graft)

Third-Degree Burn (destruction of the full thickness of skin and underlying tissues)

  • Surface of the burn may be white and soft, or black, charred and leathery
  • No feeling or sensation on burned area
  • Skin graft required
Risk Factors
  • Open flame and hot liquid (most common)
  • Caustic chemicals or acids
  • Electricity
  • Excess sun exposure
Commonly Prescribed Drugs
Treatment and Management
  • Use sunscreen when out of doors.
  • Keep electrical cords and outlets in the home safe.
  • Isolate household chemicals.
  • Use low-temperature setting for hot water heater.
  • Store and use flammable substances properly
Home Remedies

For Minor Burns

  1. If the skin is unbroken, run cool water over the area of the burn or soak it in a cool water bath (not ice water). Keep the area submerged for at least 5 minutes. A clean, cold, wet towel will also help reduce pain.

  2. After flushing or soaking for several minutes, cover the burn with a sterile bandage or clean cloth.

  3. Protect the burn from pressure and friction.
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